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Diversify Concentrated Stock Positions: A Guide


1Funds that rely on a Qualified Investor require a net worth of $1 million, exclusive of primary residence.

2 IRS, What’s New – Estate and Gift Tax,

3 While gifting securities does not incur federal income tax at the time of the transfer, the recipient would still be subject to any relevant capital gains taxes (generally based on the donor’s original purchase price) when the shares are sold in the future. This may reduce the capital gains tax ultimately owed if the recipient is subject to a lower federal income tax rate than the donor. Consequently, it’s important to make sure both the donor and recipient understands the potential federal income tax consequences associated with the transfer and the potential future sale of the shares by the recipient.

4 Some or all of each annuity payment will be subject to federal income tax.

5 Income and capital gains realized in the trust are not subject to federal income taxes at the trust level, but the federal income tax liability will pass to the income beneficiaries when income is distributed from the trust. 


This material is not a solicitation of any offer to buy or sell any security or other financial instrument or to participate in any trading strategy. It has been prepared for informational purposes only. It does not provide individually tailored investment advice. It has been prepared without regard to the individual financial circumstances and objectives of persons who receive it. Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC (“Morgan Stanley”) recommends that investors independently evaluate particular investments and strategies and encourages investors to seek the advice of a Morgan Stanley Financial Advisor. The appropriateness of a particular investment or strategy will depend on an investor’s individual circumstances and objectives.

Exchange funds are private placement vehicles that enable holders of concentrated single-stock positions to exchange those stocks for a diversified portfolio. Investors may benefit from greater diversification by exchanging a concentrated stock position for fund shares without triggering a taxable event. These funds are available only to qualified investors and may only be offered by Financial Advisors who are qualified to sell alternative investments. • Before investing, investors should consider the following: • Dividends are pooled • Investors may forfeit their stock voting rights • Investment may be illiquid for several years • Investments may be leveraged or contain derivatives • Significant early redemption fees may apply • Changes to the U.S. tax code, which could be retroactive (potentially disallowing the favorable tax treatment of exchange funds) • Investment risk and potential loss of principal

When Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC, its affiliates and Morgan Stanley Financial Advisors and Private Wealth Advisors (collectively, “Morgan Stanley”) provide “investment advice” regarding a retirement or welfare benefit plan account, an individual retirement account or a Coverdell education savings account (“Retirement Account”), Morgan Stanley is a “fiduciary” as those terms are defined under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), and/or the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the “Code”), as applicable. When Morgan Stanley provides investment education, takes orders on an unsolicited basis or otherwise does not provide “investment advice”, Morgan Stanley will not be considered a “fiduciary” under ERISA and/or the Code. For more information regarding Morgan Stanley’s role with respect to a Retirement Account, please visit Tax laws are complex and subject to change. Morgan Stanley does not provide tax or legal advice. Individuals are encouraged to consult their tax and legal advisors (a) before establishing a Retirement Account, and (b) regarding any potential tax, ERISA and related consequences of any investments or other transactions made with respect to a Retirement Account.

Direct Indexing may adversely impact account performance. There is no guarantee that Direct indexing will produce the desired tax results. Morgan Stanley offers investment program services through a variety of investment programs, which are opened pursuant to written client agreements. Each program offers investment managers, funds and features that are not available in other programs; conversely, some investment managers, funds or investment strategies may be available in more than one program. Morgan Stanley’s investment advisory programs may require a minimum asset level and, depending on a client’s specific investment objectives and financial position, may not be appropriate for the client. Please see the applicable program disclosure document for more information, available at or from your Financial Advisor.   

Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC is not implying an affiliation, sponsorship, endorsement with/of the third party or that any monitoring is being done by Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC (“Morgan Stanley”) of any information contained within the website. Morgan Stanley is not responsible for the information contained on the third-party website or the use of or inability to use such site. Nor do we guarantee their accuracy or completeness.

Asset Allocation and diversification do not assure a profit or protect against loss in declining financial markets.

Income generated from an investment in a municipal bond is generally exempt from federal income taxes. Some income may be subject to state and local taxes and to the federal alternative minimum tax. Capital gains, if any, are subject to tax.

© 2023 Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC, Member SIPC.

CRC#5367159   (01/2023)

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