The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has offered advice to the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on exchange rate management, and how to solve the Naira’s depreciation.
According to the institution, for Naira to find its value and also solve current forex crises, the CBN should empower commercial banks to set dollar buy-sale prices.
It stressed that if commercial banks have the power to determine the exchange rate, it will increase foreign capital flows into the economy.
The IMF gave the advice in its 2022 Article IV Consultation concluding statement published on Friday.
“Maintaining a uniform and market-clearing currency rate is vital to increasing foreign investor confidence in the economy,” IMF said.
IMF also insisted that continued forex shortages, a stabilised exchange rate regime, rising inflation, limited debt servicing capacity, and administrative restrictions on current transactions fuel devaluation speculations.
“These factors hinder much needed capital inflows, encourage outflows and constrain private sector investment. The mission reiterated its past recommendations to move towards a unified and market-clearing exchange rate by dismantling the various exchange rate windows at the CBN accompanied by clarity on exchange rate policy and supportive fiscal and monetary policies.
“In the medium term, the CBN should step back from its role as main forex intermediator, limiting interventions to smoothing market volatility and allowing banks to freely determine forex buy-sell rates,” it stated.
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